Strawberry Fruits

# Details
1 Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) is an important fruit crop of India and its commercial production is possible in temperate and sub-tropical areas of the country.
2 Sandy loam to loamy soil with pH 5.7-6.5 is ideal for cultivation.
3 It grows well under temperate climate, Daylight period of 12 hrs. or less and moderate temperature are important for flower-bud formation.
4 It needs a temperate climate for cultivation although some of the varieties can grow in subtropical climate.
5 They are short day plants. During flower formation, they need a photoperiod (sunlight) of eight to twelve hours for about ten days. Strawberry grows best in slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5.0-6.5. It can also grow in soil with pH between 4.5 and 5.5 with liming.
6 It should be taken care that strawberry is not grown on soil that was previously used for tomato, potato, raspberry, pepper or eggplant cultivation since these are highly nutrient extracting plants.
7 Commercial orchards produce 20-25 tonnes per hectare, with proper maintenance 50 tonnes per hectare can be achieved.
Projections Per Acre(in INR)

Plants per acre: 4,84,000

1st year Expenses: 4,84,000 x 250 = 12,10,00,000/-. First year Land establishment cost: 1,75,000. And Maintenance Cost: 50,000.

Yearly maintenance: 95,232 x 6 years = 5,71,392.

Total cash out flow = 8,09,472.

Income can start in 2nd year but full yield will be in 4th year.

Estimated Revenue: 21,82,05,000/-.

from 2rd year to 4th year which is 665 times

Prices as per 2019-20 FY

Yield Statistics

  • 2 Years 177 Times
  • 3 Years 221 Times
  • 4 Years 266 Times
Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost for 4,84,000 seedlings = (4,84,000 x Rs.250) = 12,10,000,00/-. Rupees

Trees will start fruit after a period of 2 years:

Age (Years) Yield (Kgs) REVENUE Income (INR)
2 20Kg 40Rs. 38,72,00,000/-.
3 25Kgs 40Rs. 48,40,00,000/-.
4 30Kgs 40Rs. 58,08,00,000/-.

Areas of Plantation

  1. It is generally cultivated in the hills.
  2. For cultivating strawberry, the land must be ploughed deeply and then harrowed.
  3. Organic manure like farm yard manure, neem cake, etc. is mixed with the soil before planting the runners.

Few Considerations

  1. Do not wash them as washing causes them to get bruised and lose color.
  2. If the weather is dry then they must be harvested early in the morning.
  3. Return is expected from 2 years.

Positive Confirmations

  1. Strawberry is rich in Vitamin C and iron.
  2. They are good in export value. Artificial flavoring is also used in cosmetics, hand sanitizers, candies, etc.
  3. These are very popular as ice-creams, cakes, milkshakes and other such desserts worldwide.
  4. The fruit is very popular owing to its nutritional quality, color, aroma, texture and of course, its taste.