Sapota Plant

# Details
1 Sapota (Achras zapota) commonly known as chiku is is the most preferred fruit plant of kitchen gardens in India.
2 The Sapota when fully ripe is delicious and is eaten as dessert fruit. The pulp is sweet and melting. Besides food values the Sapota fruits are also used in some ayurveda preparations.
3 It needs warm (10-380 C) and humid climate (70% relative humidity) for growth and can be cultivated throughout the year
4 Rainfall: Annual rainfall is 125-250 cm.
5 It can be grown on wide range of soils ranging from sandy loam to clay loam. Drainage is most important.
6 Sapota is commercially propagated by vegetative methods such as air layering or gootee layering, grafting and budding.
Projections Per Acre(in INR)

Plants per acre: 681

1st year Expenses: 681 x 480 = 3,26,880. First year Land establishment cost: 1,75,000. And Maintenance Cost: 50,000.

Yearly maintenance:2,20,752 x 3 years = 6,62,256.

Total cash out flow = 12,14,136.

Income can start in 3rd year but full yield will be in 15th year.

Estimated Revenue: 93,97,800.

from 3rd year to 15th year which is 774 times

Prices as per 2019-20 FY

Yield Statistics

  • 3 Years 168 Times
  • 6 Years 185 Times
  • 15 Years 774 Times
Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost for 681 seedlings = (681 x Rs.480) = 3,26,880 Rupees

Trees will start fruit after a period of 3 years

Age (Years) Yield (Kgs) REVENUE Income (INR)
3 100Kg 30/-Rs. 20,43,000/-
6 110Kg 30/-Rs. 22,47,300/-
12 120Kg 30/-Rs. 24,51,600/-
15 130Kg 30/-Rs. 26,55,900/-

Areas of Plantation

  1. Planting can be done in any season provided irrigation facilities are available.
  2. Grafts are usually planted in the beginning of the rainy season.
  3. The trees should be fertilized twice in a year during June and January.

Few Considerations

  1. Initial maintenance is required for 2 years.
  2. Labor would appreciate by at least 20% per year.
  3. The expenses on pesticides and other farming procedures is must.
  4. Return is expected from 3 years.

Positive Confirmations

  1. Sapota fruit is a rich source of Sugars (13-18%).
  2. Pulp contain sufficient quantity of minerals per 100 grams of pulp.
  3. Rich in Vitamin A and C.
  4. The natural fructose and sucrose content in sapota can give your body a lot of energy.
  5. Sapota has a high content of tannin, which in turn works as a natural anti-inflammatory.
  6. Apart from being rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and B, and C, the sapota is also packed with anti-oxidants.
  7. Good for the Bones.