Red Sanders or Red Sandalwood is a species of Pterocarpus, native to India.


It is a height-demanding small tree growing to 9m tall with a trunk 150 –175 cm diameter. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 6m tall in three years even on degraded soils. It is not frost tolerant. The leaves are alternate, 3–9 cm long, trifoliate with three leaflets. The flowers are produced in short racemes. The fruit is a pod 6–9 cm long containing one or two seeds.


The wood has been historically valued in China who introduced classical Chinese furniture to the west. It has been one of the most prized woods for millennia. The worldwide Standing Market is growing in all countries in faster as gold.  Red sandal is popular and costly Timber.  The wood is famous for its aroma & growth. Sandal can be grown anywhere in India, can be planted in 10 x 10 feet spacing which yields 500 Kgs by 10years of Heart wood (Red sandal wood) for each tree.  The sandal wood is of high demand in China, Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Canada, USA, UK, Singapore, Malaysia and Gulf countries.    


Red Sanders or Red Sandalwood is a species of Pterocarpus native to India.

Red Sandle Wood

# Details
1 Genetic Seedlings Developed by National Ag Biotech. Seedlings developed with Tissue Culture Technology.
2 Low maintenance and water requirement: The seedlings are incubated for a period of 5 months, prior to plantation, thereby reducing water requirement and maintenance cost.
3 Can be grown in any type of Soil & Climate. The ideal Temperature shall be between 12°C and 35°C.
4 Space required for each tree: - 64 square feet (8 x 8)/100 square feet (10 x 10)..
5 Low investment and high returns compare to any investment policy.
Return Projection

No. of Plants in 1 Acre : 538 Plants
Distance between each plant : 9X9(feet's)

1 Tree Weight for 10 Years : 5-6 Quintal's
Generated wood from 1 Acre for 10 years : 200-250Tons

Gov. price of Red sandal wood for the year 2011 : 15lakh's per Ton
Export price of Red sandal wood for the year 2015 : 25-30 Lakh's per Ton
'C' Grade Red sandal wood : 3-5 lakh's per Ton

Estimated Revenue:

Return for 10 years from 1Acre of Red sandal wood plantation : 20-25Crores Approx.

Yield Statistics

  • 10 Years 168 Times
  • 15 Years 588 Times
  • 20 Years 966 Times
Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost for 100 seedlings = (100 x Rs.250) = 25,000 Rupees

Assuming that 100 trees are planted and out of which only 70%of the plants survive, such trees are cut after a period of 10, 15 or 20 years:

  1. Initial maintenance is required for 6 months.
  2. The cost of land would appreciate by at least 10% per year.
  3. Sandalwood oil is sold at the rate of rupees 1 lakh per kg.
  4. The rates of Sandalwood and its oil are present value rates.
  5. The above income is all tax free income, as agriculture income is exempt income, under the Income Tax Act, 1961.
  6. Sandalwood has a huge export market and various other medical usages.

Areas of Plantation

  1. Near the boundary wall and in Domestic premises.
  2. Farm houses, waste lands and Gardens.
  3. Small pieces of land lying idle in the Industries.
  4. Plantation can even be promoted in separately allotted acres of land.

Positive Confirmations

  1. The demand of sandalwood increases day by day for regular use such as production of medicine and allied products.
  2. Govt. of India passed an ordinance and relax the restrictions in the year of 2002 for cultivation of sandalwood in private lands. Hence many of the farmers in India come forward to cultivate sandalwood in their lands.
  3. We have supplied nearly 3,00,000 saplings to Tamil Nadu and 50,00,000 saplings to Gujarat. Govt. of Karnataka is investing ` 50 Crores on Red sandal plantation during 2012-13. Cultivation period in the wild is minimum 15 years whereas 10 years for field cultivation.
  4. The entire harvest completed within 15 years.