Papaya Fruits

# Details
1 Papaya (Carica papaya) is a tropical fruit having commercial importance because of its high nutritive and medicinal value.
2 It is a tropical fruit and grows well in regions where summer temperature ranges from 35°C - 38°C.
3 It is a tropical fruit and is highly valuable medicinal ingredient.
4 Being a tropical plant a tropical weather is most suited for papaya plantation. It can grow in almost all types of soils.
5 However, a rich, sandy loam is ideal for papaya plantation. It can also grow well in alluvial soil which is found along the deltas and river banks.
6 It is sensitive to frost and heavy rains can cause damage.
7 Commercial orchards, with proper maintenance 75-100 tonnes per hectare can be achieved.
Projections Per Acre(in INR)

Plants per acre: 13,445

1st year Expenses: 13,445x 350 = 47,05,750/-. First year Land establishment cost: 1,75,000. And Maintenance Cost: 50,000.

Yearly maintenance: 19,72,300 x 1 years = 19,72,300/-.

Total cash out flow = 69,03,050/-.

Income can start in 1st year and full yield will be in 1st and 2nd year.

Estimated Revenue: 60,23,000.

from 1st year to 4th year which is 2,045 times

Prices as per 2019-20 FY

Yield Statistics

  • 1 Years 584 Times
  • 3 Years 467 Times
  • 4 Years 423 Times
Cost Benefit Analysis

Cost for 13,445 seedlings = (13,445 x Rs.350) = 47,05,750/-. Rupees

Trees will start fruit after a period of 1 year.:

Age (Years) Yield (Kgs) REVENUE Income (INR)
1 100Kg 30Rs. 4,03,35,000/-
2 95Kgs 30Rs. 3,83,18,250/-
3 80Kgs 30Rs. 3,22,68,000/-.
4 70Kgs 30Rs. 3,02,51,250/-.

Areas of Plantation

  1. The land for papaya cultivation must be well-protected from strong winds and must not get waterlogged easily during rains.
  2. In case of strong winds, there must be windbreaks around the land.
  3. It can also grow well in alluvial soil which is found along the deltas and river banks.
  4. It cannot grow in shallow soils or soils that do not let water drain off easily.

Few Considerations

  1. The economic life of papaya lasts for a maximum of 4 years.
  2. From the 3rd year production decreases.
  3. Papaya plant needs heavy doses of manures and fertilizers.

Positive Confirmations

  1. It is a rich source of vitamin A and sufficient vitamin C (40 mg/l00g).
  2. It also contains sufficient amount of Calcium and other minerals.
  3. Papain prepared from dried latex of its immature fruits is used in meat tenderizing, manufacture of chewing gum, cosmetics, for degumming natural silk and to give shrink resistance to wool.